90 errors in Iris Chang's
 
THE RAPE OF NANKING 

Iris Chang doesn't understand Japanese history!





Page 21 Error 1
Basic Books hardback edition, 1997
For 250 years Japanese military technology failed to advance beyond the bow and sword.
Correct Answer As soon as rifles were introduced to Tanegashima, Japan produced guns on their own.
after protests by
Japanese scholars,
Penguin Books paperback edition, 1998
For 250 years Japanese military technology largely failed to advance beyond the bow, sword, and musket.


Error 2
Basic Books hardback edition, 1997
by dispatching Commander Matthew Perry to the island.
Correct Answer by dispatching Commodore Matthew Perry to the island
after protests by Japanese scholars,
Penguin Books paperback edition, 1998
by dispatching Commodore Matthew Perry to the island


Error 3
Basic Books hardback
edition, 1997
in July 1853, he sent two ships belching black smoke into Tokyo Bay
Correct Answer Perry and four warships.
after protests by Japanese scholars,
Penguin Books paperback edition, 1998
In 1853, he sent a flotilla of ships belching black smoke into Tokyo Bay


Error 4
Basic Books hardback
edition, 1997
Perry strode through the capital of the Shogun
Correct Answer Perry marched into Kurihama,Yokosuka.capital was Edo, present-day Tokyo
Penguin Books paperback edition,1998 unchanged


Error 5 With this single visit,Perry not only forced the Tokugawa to sign treaties with the United States
Correct Answer In his second visit the following year Perry not only forced the Tokugawa to sign treaties with the United States ...



Page 22
Error 6 They elevated the sun cult of Shinto to a state religion
Correct Answer Shinto is not state religion.


Error 7 the new imperial government adopted the samurai ethic ofbushido as the moral code for all citizens.
Correct Answer What Iris Chang implies is obscure



Page 27 Error 8 If expansion westword to the Pacific Ocean was the manifest destiny of the nineteenth-century United States, then China was twentieth-century Japan's manifest destiny.
Correct Answer No such fact.


Error 9
Basic Books hardback edition, 1997
Okawa shumei, a number of the army general staff,
Correct Answer No such fact.
Penguin Books paperback edition,1998 Okawa Shumei, a national activist



Page 28 Error 10 During the 1920s the Nationalists under Chiang Kai-Shek successfully fought the warlords of northern China to unify the country
Correct Answer China in those days was split.



Page 29 Error 11 To prepare for the inevitable war with China, ......
Correct Answer Japan did not prepare for any war with China.



Page 32 Error 12 His reading material was carefully censored, .....
Correct Answer No censorship was ever enforsed.



page 33 Error 13 Japanese troops advanced upon the Chinese fort of Wanping near the bridge and demanded that its gates be opend so that they could search for the soldier.
Correct Answer The missing japanese soldier a secene class private Shimura returned to this unit around 23:00 on July 7,


Error 14 That August, while attempting to land thirty-five thousand fresh troops on the docks of Shanghai, .....
Correct Answer On August 23,


Error 15 several hundred men, including a cousin of the Empress Nagako.
Correct Answer A sun of Prince Tushino-miyu, a first Austin of the Empress.




 

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