Some Comments on Iris Chang'sThe Rape of Nanking
The Forgotten Holocauset of World War II
1. On December 8, all the citizens of the capital were ordered to evacuate to the safty zone. Almost all of them were talking refugee there. outside of the safty zone, it was no man's land. If there had been corpses, then they should have been those of soldiers.
2. After the fall of the capital, the most prominent prominent was that of food. This is because the Chinese soldiers who had been hiding in the safety zone presentted themselves as civilians, thus resulting in the drastic increase of population from 200,000 to 250,000.
3. Ms. Chang asserts, the tribunal concluded that approximately
260,000 poople were killed during the Nanking massacre (p.101f) . But
this contradicts to the fact that [f] or example, $2,540 was used
to complete the necessary burial enterprises undertaken by the Red Swastika
Society, which covered over 40,000 bodies otherwise uncared for
4. Since there is not a single murder case involvong no corpses, thus so-called 'massacre' involving 300,000 victims would not have taken place.
5. The approx. 40,000 bodies the Red Swastika Society buried were those
of dead soldiers. On this, BATES writes : Evidences from burials
indicate that close to forty thousand unarmed persons were killed within
and near the walls of Nanking, of whom some 30 per cent had never been
soldiers ( Bates, memorandum, dated 25 Jan., 1938, in : Timperley,The
Japanese Terror in China, 1938, p.51) .
6. The title of the bookThe Rape of Nanking results from the author's
expansive delusion and is quite misleading.
7. Numbers of rape cases mentioned in the book are either not recorded in an official record such asDocuments of the Nanking Safety Zone, or very dubious of its authenticity.
8. British Consulate Mr. Jeffery accused the Japanese army for looting only. Military lawness continues due to a lack of centralized control. Majority of cases are of ransacking. ( 29 Jan., 1938,Records of the Department of State Relating to Political Relations Between China and Japan, rol 49 )
9. There is not a single accusation of the 'massacre in Nanking' in the Statement to friendly nations, given by Chiang Kei-Shek on July, 7, 1938, the first anniversary of China incident, nor in the various English journals issued in Shanghai.
10. Although the title of the book suggestsThe forgotten holocaust of World War II, the Nanking incident is not forgotten. The Japanese school textbooks authorized by the Ministry of Education contain the description of the massacre of Nanking. There is also a section inKodansha Encyclopedia of Japan, vols 9. 1983.
11. It is not accurate to argue the Nanking incident and the Holocaust
in the samebreath as Chang does inThe Rape of Nanking. Holocaust
denotes a mass slaughter, quite different from war crimes in nature. Moreover,
the holocaust carried out systematically and intentionally by the Nazis
aimed the extermination of the Jews, the like of which we never see in
12. She has not read any primary materials by herself. She blindly accepts, in a wholesale way, the work by David BERGAMINI ,Japan's Imperial conspiracy :How Emperor Hirohito led Japan into war against the West ( 1971 ), which is doubted for its credibility by historians both in the West and Japan ( for example, see Prof. YOSHII Hiroshi's work). BERGAMINI writes, [w]ar with China had become a necessary part of the national program which he had inherited from his gradfather and great-grandfather.....The capture of Nanking was planned in the innermost recesses of the Imperial Palace in Tokyo to bring about Chiang's ouster . However, no evidence has yet been produced by Japanese scholars who work extensively in this area, that the Emperor or the Japanese government ever gave the Imperial Army an order to murder or rape in Nanking.
13. Chang's The Rape of Nanking -- the forgotten holocaust of World War
II is replete with errors in the light of basichistorical facts. The followings
are the mistakes:
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